Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, one of the three greatest figures of the ancient period of Western philosophy (the others were Plato and Aristotle), who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE.
Was Plato Greek or Athenian?
Plato, (born 428/427 bce, Athens, Greece—died 348/347, Athens), ancient Greek philosopher, student of Socrates (c. 470–399 bce), teacher of Aristotle (384–322 bce), and founder of the Academy, best known as the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence.
Are Plato and Socrates Greek?
Socrates and Plato are two famous Greek philosophers whose ideas still impact society today.
What religion was Socrates?
Although he never outright rejected the standard Athenian view of religion, Socrates’ beliefs were nonconformist. He often referred to God rather than the gods, and reported being guided by an inner divine voice.
Is Socrates a Greek hero?
In his mid years, Socrates served as a foot soldier in the Peloponnesian War. He was described as brave and fearless, for he saved the life of General Alcibiades. Other than being a war hero, Socrates was a philosopher and teacher. He was inspired by the Philosophical School of Thought located in Athens.
What is the full name of Aristotle?
Aristotle, Greek Aristoteles, (born 384 bce, Stagira, Chalcidice, Greece—died 322, Chalcis, Euboea), ancient Greek philosopher and scientist, one of the greatest intellectual figures of Western history.
Who were the 3 main philosophers?
Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. You can’t begin a study of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient Greek philosophers.
Who was not a Greek philosopher?
Explanation: Confucius was not a Greek philosopher because he was a Chinese philosopher.
Did Aristotle know Socrates?
Who taught Socrates? Socrates wrote nothing. All that is known about him has been inferred from accounts by members of his circle—primarily Plato and Xenophon—as well as by Plato’s student Aristotle, who acquired his knowledge of Socrates through his teacher.
What is Socrates main philosophy?
Philosophy. Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.
What was Socrates famous for?
Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.
What are the 3 teachings of Socrates?
Though Socrates characteristically professed his own ignorance regarding many of the (mainly ethical) subjects he investigated (e.g., the nature of piety), he did hold certain convictions with confidence, including that: (1) human wisdom begins with the recognition of one’s own ignorance; (2) the unexamined life is not …
What are 5 facts about Socrates?
Top 10 intriguing facts about Socrates
- He was of middle economic status. …
- He made money from teaching. …
- No belief in religion. …
- He died by hemlock poisoning. …
- He did not leave any recorded teachings behind. …
- Famous teacher. …
- Know thyself.
Was Socrates married?
He was married twice (which came first is not clear): his marriage to Xanthippe took place when Socrates was in his fifties, and another marriage was with a daughter of Aristides, an Athenian statesman. He had three sons with Xanthippe.
Where is Socrates buried?
According to Plato, he accepted serenely his destiny. Greek Philosopher. Born in 470 BC, he is known as the founder of Ethics and Philosophy.
|Birth||unknown Athens, Regional unit of Athens, Attica, Greece|
|Death||unknown Athens, Regional unit of Athens, Attica, Greece|
|Burial||Burial Details Unknown|
Who taught Socrates?
Along with Diotima, Aspasia was one of the two women philosophers whom Plato recognised as a teacher of Socrates. Her biography is subject to debate, but she is still famous for her knowledge of rhetoric and her skill in debate.