What are examples of meritocracy?
noun, plural mer·i·toc·ra·cies. an elite group of people whose progress is based on ability and talent rather than on class, privilege, or wealth. a system in which such persons are rewarded and advanced: The dean believes the educational system should be a meritocracy. leadership by able and talented persons.
What is a meritocratic society?
Meritocracy as a social system. Meritocracy is a social system in which advancement in society is based on an. individual’s capabilities and merits rather than on the basis of family, wealth, or social.
What does the Republic focus on?
The Republic (Greek: Πολιτεία, translit. Politeia; Latin: De Republica) is a Socratic dialogue, authored by Plato around 375 BC, concerning justice (δικαιοσύνη), the order and character of the just city-state, and the just man.
Does meritocracy exist in the United States?
In the United States, people of lower classes are conditioned to believe in meritocracy, despite class mobility in the country being among the lowest in industrialized economies. In the U.S., 50% of a father’s income position is inherited by his son. In contrast, the amount in Norway or Canada is less than 20%.
When was meritocracy first used?
The concept originates, at least by the sixth century BC, when it was advocated by the Chinese philosopher Confucius, who “invented the notion that those who govern should do so because of merit, not of inherited status.
Was Rome a meritocracy?
Roman citizens were from different cultures, different races and different religions. Meritocracy based on individual talents and adherence to the Principles of the Res Publica was at the core of the Empire, especially under the rule of Trajan. Although such Meritocracy, Rome could not resist the vicious evil of greed…
Is Japan a meritocracy?
Japan is a typical case of a ‘late’ modernizing country, one which intended to design and establish a meritocratic education system rapidly and extensively. Plenty of problems in education are discussed surrounding the issues of meritocratic education, such as bullying, delinquencies, and refusal to attend school.
Who created meritocracy?
Michael Young coined the term ‘meritocracy’ in a satirical tale called The Rise of the Meritocracy 1870-2033 (Young, 1958). This satire was intended to inspire reflection upon the folly of meritocratic life.
Is a meritocracy bad?
What separates the two is luck. In addition to being false, a growing body of research in psychology and neuroscience suggests that believing in meritocracy makes people more selfish, less self-critical and even more prone to acting in discriminatory ways. Meritocracy is not only wrong; it’s bad.
Is meritocracy beneficial to society?
Meritocracy is the idea that people get ahead based on their own accomplishments rather than, for example, on their parents’ social class. And the moral intuition behind meritocracy is that it creates an elite that is capable and effective and that it gives everybody a fair chance at success.
What is meant by meritocratic?
: a system, organization, or society in which people are chosen and moved into positions of success, power, and influence on the basis of their demonstrated abilities and merit (see merit entry 1 sense 1b) Only the elite, in that new meritocracy, would enjoy the opportunity for self-fulfillment …—
Is meritocracy The cause of inequality?
In his book The Meritocracy Trap, Yale Law School’s Daniel Markovits argues that rather than democratizing American society, meritocracy has contributed to increasing inequality and the decline of the middle class.
How is meritocracy damaging our economy?
This, Markovits argues, has lead to stagnation, loss of income, and feelings of marginalization among the middle class. The top 1% of earners work over 50 hours a week, more than people at any other income level. In some professions, working 70 hours a week isn’t uncommon.
How does meritocracy relate to social mobility?
Those who have the credentials and merits will rise faster and go further compared to those who do not. Therefore, this creates gaps in society. Those who do not have the credentials will have a more challenging time trying to keep up with and to match those who do.
What’s the opposite of meritocracy?
The opposite of meritocracy is kakistocracy, or the rule of the worst.
What is another word for meritocracy?
In this page you can discover 3 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for meritocracy, like: free-enterprise, collectivism and egalitarianism.
What does kakistocracy means in English?
government by the worst people
Definition of kakistocracy
: government by the worst people.