Weakness of Spinoza’s ontological argument


What are the weaknesses of the ontological argument?

One weakness of the ontological argument is that its logic can let us say a lot of things exist by definition. You just have to imagine it in its most perfect form and then we can say logically that it exists by definition. This doesn’t happen so the argument is flawed and unreliable.

What is Spinoza’s ontology?

Spinoza’s view about the modal status of modes, his other main ontological category, is far more controversial (2.2). Explaining this controversy leads into the heart of Spinoza’s metaphysics and involves his views on causation, inherence, God, ontological plenitude and the principle of sufficient reason.

Why does Spinoza reject free will?

“Spinoza denied free-will, because it was inconsistent with the nature of God, and with the laws to which human actions are subject. … There is nothing really contingent. Contingency, free determination, disorder, chance, lie only in our ignorance.

Why is God the only substance according to Spinoza?

But whereas Descartes (and Anselm) argue that existence is part of the notion of God because existence is a perfection and God has all perfections, Spinoza argues that God must exist because God is a substance and existence is part of the notion of substance.

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What’s wrong with Anselm’s argument?

In fact, Anselm’s Ontological Argument has provoked a collection of strange, convoluted, and unconvincing responses: Kant’s assertion that existence is not a predicate; Aquinas’ claims that (1) not everybody understands God to be that than which nothing greater can be thought, (2) Anselm’s reasoning assumes, rather

Why the ontological argument fails?

Kant claims that this is merely a tautology and cannot say anything about reality. However, if the statement is synthetic, the ontological argument does not work, as the existence of God is not contained within the definition of God (and, as such, evidence for God would need to be found).

What is Spinoza’s argument?

Spinoza’s Ontological Argument, once unpacked, is as follows: When two things have nothing in common, one cannot be the cause of the other (Premise 1, E1p3). It is impossible for two substances to have the same attribute (or essence) (Premise 2, E1p5).

What were Spinoza’s beliefs?

Spinoza’s metaphysics consists of one thing, substance, and its modifications (modes). Early in The Ethics Spinoza argues that there is only one substance, which is absolutely infinite, self-caused, and eternal. He calls this substance “God”, or “Nature”.

What is Spinoza’s idea of God?

Spinoza’s most famous and provocative idea is that God is not the creator of the world, but that the world is part of God. This is often identified as pantheism, the doctrine that God and the world are the same thing – which conflicts with both Jewish and Christian teachings.

What are Spinoza’s modes?

Modes are defined by Spinoza things which inhere in and are conceived through substance. It is very natural to suppose that both entities like dents and properties inhere in and are conceived through substance. The category of mode would then comprise both properties and objects-exemplifying-properties.

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What is Spinoza’s view of contingency as opposed to necessity?

Spinoza says that contingency in sensu diviso is impossible because each thing there is depends on one single cause which has to exist by necessity. stances of fewer attributes is impossible.

What is the subject of ontology?

Ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies concepts such as existence, being, becoming, and reality. It includes the questions of how entities are grouped into basic categories and which of these entities exist on the most fundamental level.