What are the main differences and similarities between Rousseau and Kant’s moral philosophy?


What is the difference between Kant and Rousseau?

Rousseau favors a civically-minded republicanism that demands loyalty to particular places. Kant, however, prefers a liberal form of republicanism that moves the citizen’s attention away from his particular community and towards the universal needs of humanity.

How are Kant and Rousseau similar?

Introduction. Philosophers have viewed the political role as well as the justifications for liberty to be vital in political and ethical matters. Both Kant and Rousseau agree with each other on the significance of liberty in politics, though Kant looks at freedom as autonomy, while Rousseau views it as dependence.

Does Kant agree with Rousseau?

For example, even while admiring and largely accepting Rousseau’s theodicy, Kant cannot wholly agree with Rousseau that “man is by nature good.” While Kant agrees that there is in man a natural predisposition to good, he also insists on “a radical innate evil in human nature” (6:32), an innate evil that is nonetheless …

What are the similarities between the philosophies of John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau?

At the core of their theories, Locke and Rousseau both agree that we all begin in a State of Nature in that everyone should be “equal one amongst another without subordination or subjection,” in which we are free with no government or laws to guide one’s behavior.

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What is moral freedom Rousseau?

Rousseau makes a further claim in the same chapter of The Social Contract, namely that in conditions of civil society the citizen achieves “moral freedom,” by which he means obedience to a law that one has prescribed to oneself (for discussion see especially Neuhouser 1993).

What is Rousseau’s definition of justice?

For Rousseau, liberty is a requirement of justice, for Kant, justice is the requirements of liberty. For Rousseau justice is about promoting the human good; for Kant justice is not about the human good.

What was Rousseau’s philosophy?

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Swiss Enlightenment philosopher with some radical ideas. He argued passionately for democracy, equality, liberty, and supporting the common good by any means necessary. While his ideas may be utopian (or dystopian), they are thought-provoking and can inform modern discourse.

What is Rousseau known for?

Jean-Jacques Rousseau is best known as an influential 18th-century philosopher who wrote the acclaimed work ‘A Discourse on the Arts and Sciences.

What was the main idea of Rousseau social contract?

Rousseau’s central argument in The Social Contract is that government attains its right to exist and to govern by “the consent of the governed.” Today this may not seem too extreme an idea, but it was a radical position when The Social Contract was published.

What are the 3 main points of Rousseau’s social contract?

Thus, three stages described by Rousseau, are investigated: (a) the state of nature, where man is free and independent, (b) society, in which man is oppressed and dependent on others, and (c) the state under the Social Contract, in which, ironically, man becomes free through obligation; he is only independent through …

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