What did Hume and Russell have to say about atheists and morality?


What did Hume believe about morality?

According to Hume, moral judgments typically concern the character traits and motives behind human actions. To make a moral judgment is to detect, by means of a sentiment, the operation of a virtuous or vicious quality of mind.

What is Hume’s view on religion?

As such, Hume rejects the truth of any revealed religion, and further shows that, when corrupted with inappropriate passions, religion has harmful consequences to both morality and society. Further, he argues, rational arguments cannot lead us to a deity.

What do atheists say about morality?

A new study suggests that, while atheists and theists share moral values related to protecting vulnerable individuals, atheists are less likely to endorse values that promote group cohesion and more inclined to judge the morality of actions based on their consequences.

Why did Hume not believe in God?

Hume argues that an orderly universe does not necessarily prove the existence of God. Those who hold the opposing view claim that God is the creator of the universe and the source of the order and purpose we observe in it, which resemble the order and purpose we ourselves create.

What is the relationship between reason and morality according to Hume?

Hume denies that reason itself sets the standard of morality, or sets forth certain ends as morally to be promoted. Reason, according to Hume, is a faculty concerned with truth or falsehood, both demonstrably in the realm of relations of ideas, or empirically in the realm of matters of fact.

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How does Hume argue that morality is not a matter of fact and Cannot be based on observations of objective facts?

If morality is not an objective matter of fact that can be observed, then any observations we can make about the world cannot be the source of morality. Thus, we cannot reason to ought from is. “Beliefs” seem to be statements about non-moral facts that can be true or false and verified/falsified by science.

What was David Hume’s philosophy?

Hume was an Empiricist, meaning he believed “causes and effects are discoverable not by reason, but by experience“. He goes on to say that, even with the perspective of the past, humanity cannot dictate future events because thoughts of the past are limited, compared to the possibilities for the future.