What does Kierkegaard mean by ‘spirit’ in the following passage from “A Sickness unto Death”?


What does Kierkegaard mean by spirit?

Spirit is the self. But what is the self? The self is a relation that relates itself to itself or is the relation’s relating itself to itself in the relation; the self is not the relation but is the relation’s relating itself to itself.

What is the sickness unto death according to Kierkegaard?

The true “Sickness unto Death”, which does not describe physical but spiritual death, which stems from not embracing one’s self, is something to fear according to Anti-Climacus. This sickness unto death is what Kierkegaard calls despair.

What does Kierkegaard mean by self?

A self is, for Kierkegaard, a set of relations. On the simplest level, a self is a set of relations between a person and the world around him or her. A body and a brain constitute a person, but more is required for a self. The self is defined by external and internal relations.

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What does Kierkegaard mean by despair?

To Kierkegaard, despair is not a suffering of the self, but is a misrelation in the self itself and, therefore, goes to the very core of an individual’s existence.

How does Kierkegaard define faith?

Faith is a marvel, and yet no human being is excluded from it; for that which unites all human life is passion, and faith is a passion. Soren Kierkegaard, Fear and Trembling 1843, Hong p. 66-67. The object of faith is the actuality of another person; its relation is an infinite interestedness.

What does Kierkegaard say about death?

Apart from a few scattered remarks to the effect that death may not turn out to be “the end,” most of Kierkegaard and Death leaves aside the topic of the afterlife, in accordance with what is stated by the editors in their Introduction, i.e., that Kierkegaard’s work is primarily oriented toward finite human existence …

What did Kierkegaard say about death?

To the 19th century Danish Christian taking religion and personal immortality for granted, or asking to be totally convinced of his survival of death, Kierkegaard replies by attacking the self-assurance and pointing out that there is no absolute proof but only the consequences of the option we choose to accept. ‘

What is meant by Kierkegaard when he says one can be in despair not to be conscious of having a self?

According to Kierkegaard, many people live in only the basement for their entire lives, that is, as aesthetes (“in despair not to be conscious of having a self’). They live in despair of not being conscious of having a self They live in a merely horizontal relation. They want to get what they desire.

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What is the concept of despair?

1 : utter loss of hope a cry of despair gave up in despair. 2 : a cause of hopelessness an incorrigible child is the despair of his parents. despair. verb. despaired; despairing; despairs.

Where does despair come from Kierkegaard?

WHAT IS DESPAIR? For Kierkegaard, despair is a kind of sickness of spirit, stemming from a misunderstanding of who we actually are as human beings (or to use the more technical term, as selves). The self for Kierkegaard is a composit of various elements—finitude and infinitude, possibility and necessity.

What does eternal despair mean?

SuD, 101 (KW 19, 70): ‘ … earlier we presented the form of despair that despairs over the earthly or over something earthly, understood as being basically, and manifestly, despair of the eternal, that is, as an unwillingness to be comforted and healed in the eternal, as placing such a high value on the earthly that the …

What it means to lose hope?

DEFINITIONS1. to stop believing that something you want to happen might be possible. We never, ever lost hope, and we never lost confidence that we would win one day. Synonyms and related words. To lose hope, or to give up hope.

What’s a word for loss of hope?

Despair, desperation, despondency, discouragement, hopelessness refer to a state of mind caused by circumstances that seem too much to cope with. Despair suggests total loss of hope, which may be passive or may drive one to furious efforts, even if at random: in the depths of despair; courage born of despair.

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Is despair a sin?

Unlike other sins, however, despair is by tradition the sole sin that cannot be forgiven; it is the conviction that one is damned absolutely, thus a repudiation of the Christian Saviour and a challenge to God’s infinite capacity for forgiveness.

What are the 3 unforgivable sins in the Bible?

I believe that God can forgive all sins provided the sinner is truly contrite and has repented for his or her offenses. Here’s my list of unforgivable sins: ÇMurder, torture and abuse of any human being, but particularly the murder, torture and abuse of children and animals.

What is the one sin that Cannot be forgiven?

One eternal or unforgivable sin (blasphemy against the Holy Spirit), also known as the sin unto death, is specified in several passages of the Synoptic Gospels, including Mark 3:28–29, Matthew 12:31–32, and Luke 12:10, as well as other New Testament passages including Hebrews 6:4–6, Hebrews 10:26–31, and 1 John 5:16.