Foucault wants to tie scientific knowledge and technological development to the development of the prison to prove this point. He defines a “micro-physics” of power, which is constituted by a power that is strategic and tactical rather than acquired, preserved or possessed.
What is micro physics power?
A “micro-physics” of power operates; power is a strategy, and we need to decipher it in a system of relations that can be called political anatomy. Power is not a property but a strategy evident in the relations between people. Power relations operate and exist through people. They go right down into society.
What does Foucault mean by technology of power?
Technology of power according to Foucault is the very principle of both the humanization of the penal system and of the knowledge of man (related to his notions of power/knowledge and discipline). Foucault argues that the history of the penal law and the history of the human sciences derive from a common matrix.
What are the two main types of power according to Foucault?
As modes of power in democracies, Foucault explicitly identified:
- Sovereign power.
- Disciplinary power.
- Pastoral power.
What does Foucault mean by soul?
Foucault teaches us that the soul is the prison of the body, an historical. reality and the effect of relations of power. The soul is not merely a. religious illusion but rather it is a “reality-reference” on which diverse. concepts and fields of research have been engraved – the so-called.
What is the soul for Foucault?
For Foucault, the body has a real existence, but the “modern soul” is a recent invention. There are limits to how you can punish the body, as the execution at the beginning demonstrates, but the soul allows new possibilities.
What does Michel Foucault say the relationship between discourse knowledge and power is?
Discourse, as defined by Foucault, refers to: ways of constituting knowledge, together with the social practices, forms of subjectivity and power relations which inhere in such knowledges and relations between them. Discourses are more than ways of thinking and producing meaning.
What did Michel Foucault do?
Michel Foucault began to attract wide notice as one of the most original and controversial thinkers of his day with the appearance of The Order of Things in 1966. His best-known works included Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (1975) and The History of Sexuality, a multivolume history of Western sexuality.