What does Plato mean by ‘opposite’ in Phaedo?

The idea is that all things come into being from their opposites, since nothing can spontaneously come into being or cease to be. If death is the opposite of life, then death and life must be in a constant cycle, one coming into being out of the other.

What was Phaedo Theory?

In his dialogue the Phaedo, Plato expounded a theory of literally innate ideas; humans, for example, have a conception of exact Equality, which, since it could not have been supplied by the senses, must have been acquired by the soul before it was embodied (see also reincarnation).

Are Plato and Phaedo the same?

The Phaedo is one of the most widely read dialogues written by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato.

What is the meaning of Phaedo?

[ fee-doh ] SHOW IPA. / ˈfi doʊ / PHONETIC RESPELLING. noun. a philosophical dialogue (4th century b.c.) by Plato, purporting to describe the death of Socrates, dealing with the immortality of the soul, and setting forth the theory of Ideas.

When did Plato write Phaedo?

Plato (1966) [1925]. “Phaedo, by Plato, full text (English & Greek)”. Plato in Twelve Volumes.

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Was Phaedo a real person?

Phaedo, , also spelled Phaedon, (born c. 417 bc, Elis, in the Peloponnesus [Greece]), philosopher, founder of a Socratic school of philosophy at Elis on the Peloponnese, and author of works on dialectics and ethics.

What is Socrates view of death in the Phaedo and the crito?

Socrates, on the other hand, was in a cracking good mood, because he insisted that for a true philosopher the day of death was a good one, that because he had lived his life in a good way, he had no fear of death. His friends Crito, Cebes and Phaedo were less convinced and asked him why this might be.

What does Socrates say about death in Phaedo?

In Phaedo’s account, Socrates explains to his friends that a true philosopher should look forward to death. The purpose of the philosophical life is to free the soul from the needs of the body. Since the moment of death is the final separation of soul and body, a philosopher should see it as the realization of his aim.

What is the thesis of Plato’s Phaedo?

The Phaedo gives us four different arguments for the immortality of the soul: The Argument from Opposites, the Theory of Recollection, the Argument from Affinity, and the final argument, given as a response to Cebes’ objection. Plato does not seem to place equal weight on all four of these arguments.

What is the argument from opposites?

Here Socrates introduces the Argument from Opposites. He puts forth the claim that everything that comes to be, comes to be from its opposite. For instance, for an object to become bigger, it must have been smaller beforehand, and has become bigger out of this smallness.

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What is the relationship between learning and recollecting According to Plato?

Plato’s Theory of Recollection summary

Sharing this knowledge that each person has or empowering knowledge in others, is the process of learning and teaching that Socrates comments on as a form of success for personal development.

What were Plato’s beliefs?

In metaphysics Plato envisioned a systematic, rational treatment of the forms and their interrelations, starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested)

What is Plato’s distinction between opinion and knowledge?

Plato drew a sharp distinction between knowledge, which is certain, and mere true opinion, which is not certain. Opinions derive from the shifting world of sensation; knowledge derives from the world of timeless Forms, or essences.