What fallacy?: Saying Product X doesn’t contain suspect chemical exploits people’s paranoia


What is fallacy of ethos?

Fallacies of Credibility (Ethos)

This fallacy attempts to disprove an argument by attacking the character of the speaker.

What is an example of fallacy of relevance?

I am a single parent, solely responsible for the financial support of my children. If you give me this traffic ticket, I will lose my license and be unable to drive to work. If I cannot work, my children and I will become homeless and may starve to death.

Which fallacy is a fallacy of relevance?

The missing the point fallacy is a specific kind of fallacy of relevance. Typically the arguer misunderstands the logical implications of the premises. You should be able to identify the correct conclusion.

What fallacy is it when an argument assumes only two options when in fact there are more?

Either/Or Fallacy (also called “the Black-and-White Fallacy,” “Excluded Middle,” “False Dilemma,” or “False Dichotomy”): This fallacy occurs when a writer builds an argument upon the assumption that there are only two choices or possible outcomes when actually there are several.

See also  Models of explanations and their conditions

What is a smokescreen fallacy?

Smokescreen or Red Herring Fallacy

The smokescreen fallacy responds to a challenge by bringing up another topic. Smokescreen or red herring fallacies mislead with irrelevant (though possibly related) facts: “We know we need to make cuts in the state budget.

What is a rhetorical fallacy?

Rhetorical fallacies, or fallacies of argument, don’t allow for the open, two-way exchange of ideas upon which meaningful conversations depend. Instead, they distract the reader with various appeals instead of using sound reasoning.

What is an example of an ad hominem fallacy?

An abusive ad hominem fallacy is a direct attack on the person. For example, it occurs when the opponent’s appearance is brought up in the discussion. You’ll see this a lot of times when men are discussing positions of female opponents.

What is contradictory premises fallacy?

Contradictory premises involve an argument (generally considered a logical fallacy) that draws a conclusion from inconsistent or incompatible premises. Essentially, a proposition is contradictory when it asserts and denies the same thing.

What is presumption fallacy?

Fallacies of presumption are arguments that depend on some assumption that is typically unstated and unsupported. Identifying the implicit assumption often exposes the fallacy.

What is a slippery slope fallacy?

slippery slope argument, in logic, the fallacy of arguing that a certain course of action is undesirable or that a certain proposition is implausible because it leads to an undesirable or implausible conclusion via a series of tenuously connected premises, each of which is understood to lead, causally or logically, to …

Which fallacy presents two choices as the only options yet the author ignores a range of choice in between?

The False Dilemma fallacy occurs when an argument offers a false range of choices and requires that you pick one of them. The range is false because there may be other, unstated choices which would only serve to undermine the original argument.

See also  Justification of implication-introduction and modus ponens

Is false dichotomy a fallacy of presumption?

A false dichotomy, also called a false dilemma or a bifurcation fallacy, consists of putting forth only two choices when actually at least one other option is logically possible. The fallacy of presumption comes from denying that other possibilities may exist.

What is fallacy of Amphiboly?

The fallacy of amphiboly happens when someone uses grammar or punctuation in a way that a statement could be interpreted as having more than one meaning, so it is unclear what is really meant. Other names for the fallacy are the fallacy of ambiguity, misusing ambiguity, and the fallacy of unclearness.

What are the four fallacies of presumption?

Fallacies of Presumption: Accident, Complex Question, Begging Question | Logic | NET Paper 1.

What is the fallacy of induction?

The fallacies of weak induction are arguments whose premises do not make their conclusions very probable—but that are nevertheless often successful in convincing people of their conclusions.

What is unqualified authority?

Appeal to Unqualified Authority (argumentum ad verecundiam): This fallacy is committed whenever someone proposes that some conclusion is true because someone who is NOT an authority on the subject SAID it was true.

Why is anecdotal a fallacy?

A person falls prey to the anecdotal fallacy when they choose to believe the “evidence” of an anecdote or a few anecdotes over a larger pool of scientifically valid evidence. The anecdotal fallacy occurs because our brains are fundamentally lazy. Given a choice, the brain prefers to do less work rather than more.