What is a euclidean triangle in Plato’s Phaedo? What is the different between it and real triangle?


Does the theory of recollection presented in the Phaedo differ from that of the Meno?

Commentary. The Theory of Recollection is laid out in more detail in Plato’s Meno, and the discussion in the Phaedo alludes to, and seems to assume prior knowledge of, this earlier discussion. The Phaedo and the Meno are consistent, though, and the presentation of the theory in each dialogue can stand on its own.

What is Plato’s imperfection argument?

The “Imperfection Argument” (Phaedo 74-76)

Plato bases the argument on the imperfection of sensible objects and our ability to make judgments about those sensible objects. (The Forms are supposed to be the perfect objects that the sensibles only imperfectly approximate).

What is learning new knowledge according to Socrates in the Phaedo?

The second argument, known as the Theory of Recollection, asserts that learning is essentially an act of recollecting things we knew before we were born but then forgot. True knowledge, argues Socrates, is knowledge of the eternal and unchanging Forms that underlie perceptible reality.

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Which argument is provided in the Phaedo in support of the theory of recollection?

The Argument from Recollection (72e-78b) Cebes mentions that the soul’s immortality also is supported by Socrates’ theory that learning is “recollection” (a theory which is, by most accounts, distinctively Platonic, and one that plays a role in his dialogues Meno and Phaedrus as well).

What does Plato argue in Phaedo?

The Phaedo gives us four different arguments for the immortality of the soul: The Argument from Opposites, the Theory of Recollection, the Argument from Affinity, and the final argument, given as a response to Cebes’ objection. Plato does not seem to place equal weight on all four of these arguments.

What is the equal Phaedo?

I’ve never quite got the Phaedo 75 “equality” argument. The point is made that whenever we have two equal things in the physical world, they are never simply equal, but are always only equal in some respect.

What is the central theme in the Phaedo dialogue?

One of the main themes in the Phaedo is the idea that the soul is immortal. In the dialogue, Socrates discusses the nature of the afterlife on his last day before being executed by drinking hemlock.

How does Socrates define death in the Phaedo quizlet?

Death and philosophy according to Socrates is the separation of the soul from the body. We shouldn’t fear death because philosophers prepare their whole lives for it.

When did Plato write Phaedo?

…of a manuscript of Plato’s Phaedo (c. 100 ce; Egypt Exploration Society, London) shares the informality of cursive but regularizes the letter forms. Written on a larger scale and with more formality, this round hand can be very beautiful.

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Was Phaedo a real person?

Phaedo, , also spelled Phaedon, (born c. 417 bc, Elis, in the Peloponnesus [Greece]), philosopher, founder of a Socratic school of philosophy at Elis on the Peloponnese, and author of works on dialectics and ethics.

What is the meaning of Phaedo?

[ fee-doh ] SHOW IPA. / ˈfi doʊ / PHONETIC RESPELLING. noun. a philosophical dialogue (4th century b.c.) by Plato, purporting to describe the death of Socrates, dealing with the immortality of the soul, and setting forth the theory of Ideas.

Where does Phaedo take place?

Phlius

The dialogue takes place in the small Peloponnesian town of Phlius, home to Echecrates. Echecrates is being visited by Phaedo, one of Socrates’ admirers who was present at his death.

Why is Plato absent from Phaedo?

The most popular explanation is that in this way Plato declined responsibility for the exactness of the description of the event and the discussion, pointing out that he was not a witness himself. Be that as it may, Plato indicates the cause of his absence as well: he was ill, or at least so Phaedo believes.

How does Plato divide us in Phaedo?

In the Republic, for instance, Plato suggests that the soul is divided into three parts: reason, appetite, and spirit, or will. In this view, it would seem that the soul is divisible into three parts.)