What is Quine’s response to Parmenides’s argument against change?


How does Parmenides argue that change is impossible?

Still less can it come from nothing. Therefore all becoming is impossible. This argument is based on the principle of contradiction or identity, which Parmenides thus formulates: Being is, non-being is not; you will never get beyond this thought.

How does Plato explain change?

Plato said that real things (Forms) don’t change, and restricted change to the realm of appearances—the physical world. Parmenides went farther still, denying the existence of change altogether.

What do Parmenides think about change and plurality?

Parmenides a pre-socratic Greek philosopher born in Italy. Denied the existence of time, plurality, and motion. NO Change.

What is the main reason Parmenides uses to claim there is no change?

[If change requires something new, and it’s impossible for anything new to happen or come to be, then change itself is impossible.] [The key is Parmenides’ claim that being is absolute. Being is not qualified in any way.

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What did Parmenides argue?

Parmenides’ philosophy has been explained with the slogan “whatever is is, and what is not cannot be”. He is also credited with the phrase “out of nothing nothing comes”. He argues that “A is not” can never be thought or said truthfully, and thus despite appearances everything exists as one, giant, unchanging thing.

Did Parmenides argue that reality is changing?

Heraclitus found change itself to be the only thing that was permanent. The search for a permanent material substratum is illusory, he thought. Now comes Parmenides — a turning point in the history of western philosophy – for he denies the reality of change.

Who argued all change is an illusion?

Parmenides claimed that nothing could come from nothing and so existence was uncreated and eternal and what people interpreted as “change” in life was an illusion.

What did philosophers say about change?

The Only Constant in Life Is Change.”- Heraclitus.

What was Plato’s theory?

The theory of Forms or theory of Ideas is a philosophical theory, concept, or world-view, attributed to Plato, that the physical world is not as real or true as timeless, absolute, unchangeable ideas.

What is Parmenides idea change?

Parmenides was a pre-Socratic philosopher from Elea. He is notorious for denying that there can be any change. He believed that everything is part of a single unified and unchanging whole. All apparent change is merely illusion.

What was Heraclitus philosophy?

Unlike many of the other Pre-Socratic philosophers, Heraclitus believed that the world is not to be identified with any particular substance, but rather consists of a law-like interchange of elements, an ongoing process governed by a law of perpetual change, or Logos, which he symbolized by fire.

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Why did Parmenides believe that motion is an illusion?

Parmenides ideology consisted of the belief that change is an illusion. He believed that everything was apart of a larger whole. His stance on motion being impossible relies on his belief that time is constructed of moments. The illusion of motion was just a bunch of moments put together.

How is change an illusion?

By similar reasoning, existing things are eternal because they cannot go out of existence. It is now a small step to conclude that change is an illusion, on the grounds that a change in a thing implies that there was a time when the thing-as-changed did not exist.

Which philosopher thought change is an illusion?

Zeno of Elea

Zeno of Elea was famous for his paradoxes, which have fascinated and preoccupied people for millennia.

How does Heraclitus explain change?

Everything is constantly shifting, changing, and becoming something other to what it was before. Heraclitus concluded that nature is change. Like a river, nature flows ever onwards. Even the nature of the flow changes.

Who argued that reality is unchanging and eternal?

Parmenides held that the multiplicity of existing things, their changing forms and motion, are but an appearance of a single eternal reality (“Being”), thus giving rise to the Parmenidean principle that “all is one.” From this concept of Being, he went on to say that all claims of change or of non-Being are illogical.