What is the argument from tolerance for cultural relativism? Why does it fail?

When people argue for tolerance, they normally have in mind a universal, objective principle of tolerance. That is why relativism can’t adequately support tolerance because if relativism were true, there could not be universal, objective moral principles.

What is the tolerance argument for cultural relativism?

The tolerance argument runs as follows:” cultural relativism, unlike other moral theories, has the following attractive feature: to accept it is to be tolerant of other cultures. Relativism implies that we cannot impose our morality on other cultures, which in turn implies that we must refrain from doing so.

Why is cultural relativism not tolerant?

Again, (a) relativism does not lead logically to being tolerant of other cultures, and other moral perspectives, and (b) it always threatens to result in intolerance. If you think that everyone should be tolerant of other opinions and beliefs and practices, then you are not a relativist.

What is one reason why the cultural relativism argument is flawed?

It makes sense to think that our own society has made some moral progress, while admitting that it is still imperfect and in need of reform. Because Cultural Relativism says that these judgments make no sense, the argument goes, it cannot be right.

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What is the problem with cultural relativism?

Cultural Relativism, as it has been called, challenges our ordinary belief in the objectivity and universality of moral truth. It says, in effect, that there is not such thing as universal truth in ethics; there are only the various cultural codes, and nothing more.

What is the argument from tolerance?

Argument from tolerance: one of the most compelling arguments in favor of relativism, this moral argument maintains that: Tolerance requires that we respect other societies’ moral beliefs and practices.

What is cultural differences argument?

Rachels refers to this as the “Cultural Differences Argument” (58). He claims that it is unreasonable to conclude that there is no ‘objective truth’ in morality simply because people in different societies disagree on what is moral. It is entirely possible that the parties in question are simply mistaken, however.

Which is not true about cultural relativism?

Cultural relativism does not correctly describe how we make moral judgments. We don’t take polls nor do we seek consensus in the first place. We don’t judge other cultures in light of “our” cultural norms. Instead, we judge according to what we hold to be transcultural values like justice and respect for human dignity.

Why does the cultural differences argument fail to show that cultural relativism is true?

According to cultural relativism, it is always wrong for members of one culture to judge the practices of another culture with different standards. The cultural differences argument is invalid because the conclusion might be false, indeed is false if there is a god and god’s commands are the source of moral facts.

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Why is the cultural differences argument unsound?

cultural differences argument-different cultures have different moral beliefs so there is no absolute truth with regard to moral beliefs. however, because different cultures have different geographical beliefs, there is no absolute truth with regard to geographical beliefs. this makes the argument invalid.