What is the difference between Frege’s and Descartes’ theory of ideas?


What is Descartes theory of ideas?

Scholars agree that Descartes recognizes at least three innate ideas: the idea of God, the idea of (finite) mind, and the idea of (indefinite) body. In the letter to Elisabeth, he includes a fourth: the idea of the union (of mind and body). There is an alternate division of ideas worth noting.

What does Frege mean by thought?

Frege on Thoughts and Representations. To fix the terms, for Frege the term ‘thought’ [Gedanke] is reserved for a sense of a declarative sentence that has as its referent a truth value (Frege, 1918, p. 292). This is to say that ‘thoughts’ (and only ‘thoughts’, thus defined) are what partake of truth and falsity.

What is adventitious ideas?

Adventitious ideas are ideas derived from our experience of the world. Factitious ideas are ideas which may be illusory, or invented by the imagination. Descartes also argues that all innate ideas are clear and distinct concepts of reality. Adventitious or factitious ideas, however, may be unclear and indistinct.

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What three kinds of ideas does Descartes distinguish in his third meditation?

Hence the mind is an immaterial thinking substance, while its ideas are its modes or ways of thinking. Descartes continues on to distinguish three kinds of ideas at the beginning of the Third Meditation, namely those that are fabricated, adventitious, or innate. Fabricated ideas are mere inventions of the mind.

What is an idea philosophy?

In common usage and in philosophy, ideas are the results of thought. Also in philosophy, ideas can also be mental representational images of some object. Many philosophers have considered ideas to be a fundamental ontological category of being.

What is the difference between the objective reality of an idea and the formal reality of a thing explain your answer?

Formal Reality: Actual reality. In the case of ideas, it’s the being of these ideas, not in terms of what they represent, but in view of the fact that they are ideas. Objective Reality: Reality of what is contained or represented in an idea.

What is Descartes saying in meditation 2?

In Meditations II Descartes set out to determine whether there is anything that I could be certain of after the doubts of Meditations I. He quickly determined that there is: the fact that I exist. But to know that I exist is one thing, and to know exactly what I am is something else.

What is the difference between the will and the intellect according to Descartes?

The will is unlimited and can affirm or deny any proposition, while the intellect is limited and can only clearly and distinctly perceive a small number of propositions.

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What is dualism Descartes?

Substance dualism, or Cartesian dualism, most famously defended by René Descartes, argues that there are two kinds of foundation: mental and physical. This philosophy states that the mental can exist outside of the body, and the body cannot think.

Why is Descartes associated with dualism?

Ultimately, Descartes’ view is dualist because, although he renders all earthly substances material (and understandable to science), one thing remains that is a true immaterial substance with an essence: the human soul.

What is the difference between substance and property dualism?

Substance dualism claims that the the mind (soul) is a separate identity than the physical human being that will live on past their deterioration of our bodies, while Property dualism claims that the mind, although different than the physical human frame, is still linked and thus will end with our death.