What is the fallacy regarding knowing someone who is X therefore you know about topics regarding X?


What is fallacy of ethos?

Fallacies of Credibility (Ethos)

This fallacy attempts to disprove an argument by attacking the character of the speaker.

What is presumption fallacy?

Fallacies of presumption are arguments that depend on some assumption that is typically unstated and unsupported. Identifying the implicit assumption often exposes the fallacy.

What fallacy is manifested when an argument attacks the person rather than the person’s argument?

(Attacking the person): This fallacy occurs when, instead of addressing someone’s argument or position, you irrelevantly attack the person or some aspect of the person who is making the argument.

What is an example of ad Populum fallacy?

The phrase “ad populum” is a Latin phrase meaning “(appeal) to the public (or community).” Typical ways to express this fallacy will be familiar to anyone who watches television commercials: “the most widely sold…” or “America’s favorite…” Examples: “I’m a pepper; he’s a pepper; she’s a pepper; we’re all peppers!

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What is a smokescreen fallacy?

Smokescreen or Red Herring Fallacy

The smokescreen fallacy responds to a challenge by bringing up another topic. Smokescreen or red herring fallacies mislead with irrelevant (though possibly related) facts: “We know we need to make cuts in the state budget.

What is the transfer fallacy?

Transfer fallacy

Associating the argument with someone or something popular or respected; hoping that the positive associations will “rub off” onto the argument.

What is fallacy of Amphiboly?

The fallacy of amphiboly happens when someone uses grammar or punctuation in a way that a statement could be interpreted as having more than one meaning, so it is unclear what is really meant. Other names for the fallacy are the fallacy of ambiguity, misusing ambiguity, and the fallacy of unclearness.

What is the fallacy of assumption?

When we reason using implicit assumptions or further propositions whose truth is uncertain or implausible, we commit the fallacy of unwarranted assumption and the truth of our conclusions is grossly affected. Prejudices and stereotypes are some common ways in which we make unwarranted assumptions.

What is language fallacy?

Linguistic fallacies, or fallacies in the language, are due to the ambiguity of or lack of preciseness in the words or phrases used to express ideas. It is this ambiguity that leads one into making wrong conclusions or inferences.

What is ad Ignorantiam fallacy?

Ad Ignorantiam (Appeal to Ignorance) Ad Ignorantiam (Appeal to Ignorance) Description: The argument offers lack of evidence as if it were evidence to the contrary. The argument says, “No one knows it is true; therefore it is false,” or “No one knows it is false, therefore it is true.”

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What is red herring fallacy?

This fallacy consists in diverting attention from the real issue by focusing instead on an issue having only a surface relevance to the first. Examples: Son: “Wow, Dad, it’s really hard to make a living on my salary.” Father: “Consider yourself lucky, son. Why, when I was your age, I only made $40 a week.”

What is argumentum ad Misericordiam fallacy?

● Argumentum Ad Misericordiam (Appeal To Pity):​ appealing to a person’s unfortunate circumstance as a way of getting someone to accept a conclusion. For example, “You need to pass me in this course, since I’ll lose my scholarship if you don’t.”

What is the meaning of Dicto simpliciter?

Dicto Simpliciter – Secundum Quid. (Destroying the Rule) Description: The argument exploits an over-simplistic or unqualified statement of a rule to argue, based on what should be recognized as a legitimate exception, that the rule should be rejected altogether.

What is poisoning the well fallacy?

Poisoning the well is a logical fallacy (a type of ad hominem argument) in which a person attempts to place an opponent in a position from which he or she is unable to reply.

What is genetic fallacy examples?

So, instead of looking at the actual merits of the claim, it is judged based on its origin. Examples of Genetic Fallacy: 1. My parents told me that God exists; therefore, God exists.

What is the fallacy of popular appeal?

The appeal to popularity fallacy is made when an argument relies on public opinion to determine what is true, right, or good. This approach is problematic because popularity does not necessarily indicate something is true. Using this flaw in logic, a person may come to a conclusion that has little or no basis in fact.

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What is the genealogical fallacy?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The genetic fallacy (also known as the fallacy of origins or fallacy of virtue) is a fallacy of irrelevance that is based solely on someone’s or something’s history, origin, or source rather than its current meaning or context.