What was Socrates/Plato’s view on free-will?

for socrates free will and self-control are one and the same, combined in his commitment to the doctrine that reason, properly cultivated, can and ought to be the all-controlling factor in human life.

What did Socrates and Plato believe in?

Socrates, Plato, and Augustine were all dualists who believed the soul to be immortal. Socrates believed the soul is immortal. He also argued that death is not the end of existence. It is merely separation of the soul from the body.

What did Socrates and Plato disagree on?

Socrates has his teachings centered primarily around epistemology and ethics while Plato was quite concerned with literature, education, society, love, friendship, rhetoric, arts, etc. Socrates disagreed with the concept of overreaching; he describes it as a foolish way to live.

Does Socrates believe in weakness of will?

6. Weakness of will denied. In Plato’s Protagoras Socrates also denies the possibility of weakness of will – being ‘mastered’ by some desire so as to act voluntarily in a way one knows is wrong or bad (see also Xenophon, Memorabilia III 9.4, IV 5.6.)

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What philosopher believed we have free will?

The great Enlightenment philosopher Immanuel Kant reaffirmed this link between freedom and goodness. If we are not free to choose, he argued, then it would make no sense to say we ought to choose the path of righteousness.

What was Socrates known for?

Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.

How does Plato portray Socrates?

Hence, Plato’s Socrates is portrayed as a messenger from the gods. He has an inner voice, or daemon, who speaks to him, though strictly in accordance with his ignorance; it only offers intuitions about what is not the case, or what is not right. So letting go is at the heart of the Socratic way of life.

Did Nietzsche believe in free will?

The 19th-century philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is known as a critic of Judeo-Christian morality and religions in general. One of the arguments he raised against the truthfulness of these doctrines is that they are based upon the concept of free will, which, in his opinion, does not exist.

Who was the first philosopher to discuss free will?


The materialist philosophers Democritus and his mentor Leucippus are considered to be the first determinists.

Did Hegel believe free will?

The free will is the basis and origin of right in the sense that mind or spirit (Geist) generally objectifies itself in a system of right (human social and political institutions) that gives expression to freedom, which Hegel says is both the substance and goal of right (¶ 4).

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What are Hegel’s views about freedom of the individual?

The concept of freedom is one which Hegel thought of very great importance; indeed, he believed that it is the central concept in human history. ‘Mind is free’, he wrote, ‘and to actualise this, its essence – to achieve this excellence – is the endeavour of the worldmind in world-history’ (VG, p. 73).

What is Hegel’s opinion about war?

In his Philosophy of Right Hegel wrote : ” War is the state of affairs which deals in earnest with the vanity of temporal goods and concerns. . .

Who said Freedom is the recognition of necessity?

This kind of an appeal has lost much of its credibility in recent times and is one of the reasons why Marxism has become out of favour. The idea that ‘freedom is the recognition of necessity’ appears in Engels’ Anti-Duhring.