When and under whose influence did the JTB conception of knowledge become standard in contemporary philosophy ( i.e. after Kant)?

Who came up with JTB theory of knowledge?

The JTB account was first credited to Plato, though Plato argued against this very account of knowledge in the Theaetetus (210a).

What is the JTB theory of knowledge?

The JTB theory is an attempt to give an analysis of the concept of knowledge. It tries to “break the concept down” by giving necessary and sufficient conditions for knowledge.

What is Plato’s JTB theory?

For centuries upon centuries, philosophers accepted Plato’s theory of knowledge, the view that knowledge is justified true belief. This view is also known as the JTB theory.

What does JTB stand for in philosophy?

justified true belief

The tripartite analysis of knowledge is often abbreviated as the “JTB” analysis, for “justified true belief”.

Who is Plato and what did he do?

Plato was a philosopher during the 5th century BCE. He was a student of Socrates and later taught Aristotle. He founded the Academy, an academic program which many consider to be the first Western university. Plato wrote many philosophical texts—at least 25.

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Who defined knowledge as justified true belief?

According to Adrian Haddock, knowledge is justified true belief where the justification condition is factive (one cannot justifiably believe that p when p is false) and requires moreover that the fact that provides justification is known by the subject.

What is the closure principle?

A closure principle is a principle that claims that a certain category of object (typically a set) is closed relative to some function or operation or rule, in the sense that performing that operation on any member of the set always leads us to something already in the set.

What does Hume’s Fork tell us about knowledge?

Hume’s fork shows us that we can have only two forms of legitimate knowledge. That is relations of ideas and matters of facts. Matters of fact are source of substantive knowledge (knowledge that can tell us something new about the world).

What is non propositional knowledge?

Non-propositional knowledge is knowledge expressed using sentences without indicative propositions and includes acquaintance knowledge (knowing of) and procedural knowledge (knowing how). “

What is knowledge according to Reliabilism?

Ramsey (1931) is often credited with the first articulation of a reliabilist account of knowledge. He claimed that knowledge is true belief that is certain and obtained by a reliable process. That idea lay more-or-less dormant until the 1960s, when reliabilist theories emerged in earnest.

What is Gettier’s thesis?

In Edmund Gettier’s essay, “Is Justified True Belief Knowledge,” Gettier argues that JTB (Plato’s theory of Justified True Belief) does not necessarily guarantee knowledge. This means that the necessary but not the sufficient conditions for “S knows P” to be true have been met.

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What is Gettier’s objection to the traditional analysis of knowledge?

It seems that even though he has a justified true belief, Smith just got lucky that his belief is true. If this is right, then Gettier has shown that justification, truth, and belief are insufficient for knowledge, and hence, that the traditional analysis is wrong.

What are Gettier’s assumptions?

The Gettier problem makes two assumptions, that (i) it is possible for p to be epistemically justified yet p to fail to be true, and (ii) epistemic closure.

What is knowledge according to the traditional analysis of knowledge quizlet?

According to the traditional analysis of knowledge, you can know something that turns out to be false. False. According to our readings and other materials, which of the following are Gettier counterexamples to the traditional analysis of knowledge? – The Ford case. – The Ten Coins case.