Nietzsche, for example, explicitly holds that God does not exist, but also claims that God’s non-existence undermines the reality of traditional western morality.
Which philosopher said there is no God?
Diagoras of Melos (5th century BC): Ancient Greek poet and sophist known as the Atheist of Milos, who declared that there were no Gods. Denis Diderot (1713–1784): editor-in-chief of the Encyclopédie. Theodore Drange (1934–): American philosopher of religion and Professor Emeritus at West Virginia University.
What Greek philosopher did not believe in God?
Most histories of atheism choose the Greek and Roman philosophers Epicurus, Democritus, and Lucretius as the first atheist writers. While these writers certainly changed the idea of God, they didn’t entirely deny that gods could exist.
What do philosophers say about the existence of God?
According to Anselm, the concept of God as the most perfect being—a being greater than which none can be conceived—entails that God exists, because a being who was otherwise all perfect and who failed to exist would be less great than a being who was all perfect and who did exist.
Does Immanuel Kant believe in God?
He conceives of the God of rational theology as the causal author and moral ruler of the world. He considers himself a theist rather than a deist because he is committed to a free and moral “living God,” holy and just, as well as omniscient and omnipotent, as a postulate of practical reason (Lectures, pp.
What did Friedrich Nietzsche believe in?
About Friedrich Nietzsche
His philosophy is mainly referred to as “existentialism”, a famous twentieth century philosophy focusing on man’s existential situation. In his works, Nietzsche questioned the basis of good and evil. He believed that heaven was an unreal place or “the world of ideas”.
What is Friedrich Nietzsche known for?
Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. His attempts to unmask the motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy deeply affected generations of theologians, philosophers, psychologists, poets, novelists, and playwrights.
Does Socrates believe in God?
Socrates also believes in deity, but his conception is completely different from the typical Athenians. While to the Athenians gods are human-like and confused, Socrates believes god to be perfectly good and perfectly wise. His god is rationally moral. His god also has a purpose.
Did any Greek philosophers believe in God?
There are many different Greek philosophers, and they all had different ideas and attitudes towards the gods. Plato is addressed well in the other answers: He often spoke of “God” and believed in spirits, but not necessarily in the myths about the gods.
What famous philosophers were agnostic?
Philosophical opinions. Among the most famous agnostics (in the original sense) have been Thomas Henry Huxley, Robert G. Ingersoll and Bertrand Russell.
Does Pascal believe in God?
Pascal argues that a rational person should live as though God exists and seek to believe in God.
Analysis with decision theory.
|God exists (G)||God does not exist (¬G)|
|Belief (B)||+∞ (infinite gain)||−c (finite loss)|
|Disbelief (¬B)||−∞ (infinite loss)||+c (finite gain)|
What Is philosophy Plato?
For Plato, philosophy is a process of constant questioning, and questioning necessarily takes the form of dialogue.
What is Immanuel Kant’s major theory?
Kant focused on ethics, the philosophical study of moral actions. He proposed a moral law called the “categorical imperative,” stating that morality is derived from rationality and all moral judgments are rationally supported. What is right is right and what is wrong is wrong; there is no grey area.
What does John Stuart Mill believe in?
He believed in a moral theory called utilitarianism—that actions that lead to people’s happiness are right and that those that lead to suffering are wrong. Among economists, he’s best-known for his 1848 work, Principles of Political Economy, which became a leading economic textbook for decades after its publication.
What did John Locke believe?
Locke wrote that all individuals are equal in the sense that they are born with certain “inalienable” natural rights. That is, rights that are God-given and can never be taken or even given away. Among these fundamental natural rights, Locke said, are “life, liberty, and property.”
Who is Socrates philosophy?
Who was Socrates? Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, one of the three greatest figures of the ancient period of Western philosophy (the others were Plato and Aristotle), who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE.
Who is Plato and Socrates?
Socrates and Plato are two famous Greek philosophers whose ideas still impact society today. (384-322 BCE) Greek scientist and philosopher. the study of space beyond Earth’s atmosphere. study of living things.
Who is Aristotle in philosophy?
Aristotle was one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived and the first genuine scientist in history. He made pioneering contributions to all fields of philosophy and science, he invented the field of formal logic, and he identified the various scientific disciplines and explored their relationships to each other.