Which texts of Plato/Aristotle give their religious views?


What were Plato’s views on religion?

Plato considered that there must be a measure of goodness in order to identify God as benevolent and maintained there to be standard of ‘goodness’ that is independent of God. This became the basis for Plato’s most central idea to correspond with his notion of the soul.

What was Aristotle religious beliefs?

For the actuality of thought is life, and God is that actuality; and the essential actuality of God is life most good and eternal. We hold, then, that God is a living being, eternal, most good; and therefore life and a continuous eternal existence belong to God; for that is what God is.”

What are the differences between Plato and Aristotle?

The main difference between Plato and Aristotle philosophy is that the philosophy of Plato is more theoretical and abstract in nature, whereas the philosophy of Aristotle is more practical and experimental in nature.

How do Plato and Aristotle differ in the views of political philosophy?

Plato with his political philosophy is aimed at transforming politics. Aristotle aims at studying the existing forms of political reality. Plato believes the policy can be changed. Aristotle believed that politics cannot be changed.

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What philosophers were religious?

This is a list of philosophers of religion.

  • God.
  • Jesus.
  • Aristotle.
  • Peter Abelard.
  • Jacob Abendana.
  • Joseph ben Abraham.
  • Isaac Alfasi.
  • Jacob Anatoli.

What were Aristotle’s views on God?

Aristotle made God passively responsible for change in the world in the sense that all things seek divine perfection. God imbues all things with order and purpose, both of which can be discovered and point to his (or its) divine existence.

Who combined the works of Aristotle with Christianity?

Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274), the dominant thinker of the middle ages, combined the science and philosophy of Aristotle with the revealed truths of Christianity.

How did Aristotle answer Plato’s view on art?

Aristotle replied to the charges made by his Guru Plato against poetry in particular and art in general. He replied to them one by one in his defence of poetry. Plato says that art being the imitation of the actual is removed from the Truth.

What did Plato and Aristotle do?

428–c. 348 BCE) and Aristotle (384–322 BCE) are generally regarded as the two greatest figures of Western philosophy. For some 20 years Aristotle was Plato’s student and colleague at the Academy in Athens, an institution for philosophical, scientific, and mathematical research and teaching founded by Plato in the 380s.

What do Socrates Plato and Aristotle have in common?

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle shared an interest in epistemology.

Who comes first Socrates Plato or Aristotle?

Aristotle’s science. All three of these men lived in Athens for most of their lives, and they knew each other. Socrates came first, and Plato was his student, around 400 BC.

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What was Plato known for?

Plato’s most famous work is the Republic, which details a wise society run by a philosopher. He is also famous for his dialogues (early, middle, and late), which showcase his metaphysical theory of forms—something else he is well known for.

How is Aristotle different from Socrates?

Introduction. While Socrates casted fatalistic and monolithic dispositions in his analysis and elaborated his thoughts in dialectic form, Aristotle, in contrast, embraced freedom of choice and diversity (pluralism) and articulated the importance of contingent particularity of historical experiences.

What is Plato theory?

Definition of The Theory of Forms

In basic terms, Plato’s Theory of Forms asserts that the physical world is not really the ‘real’ world; instead, ultimate reality exists beyond our physical world. Plato discusses this theory in a few different dialogues, including the most famous one, called ‘The Republic.