What did philosophers say about freedom?
Rousseau: “Freedom is less about doing one’s will than about being subjected to that of others; it still consists in not submitting the will of others to ours “. The notion of freedom can be understood as synonymous with a total absence of constraints, obstacles to the desires of each and their realization.
What is freedom and responsibility in philosophy?
A long-standing position in philosophy, law, and theology is that a person can be held morally responsible for an action only if they had the freedom to choose and to act otherwise. Thus, many philosophers consider freedom to be a necessary condition for moral responsibility.
What are some philosophical questions?
- Is happiness just chemicals flowing through your brain or something more?
- Can we really know everything?
- What is the meaning of a good life?
- Is there a God?
- What in life is truly objective and not subjective?
- What is consciousness?
- Is there inherent order in nature or is it all chaos and chance?
What would you do if philosophical questions?
Deep Philosophical Questions
- Do guns protect people or kill people?
- Will racism cease to exist?
- Why is beauty associated with morality?
- Why do we respect the dead more than the living?
- Does God have supreme power?
- Will the world be a better place if caste and religion cease to exist?
- What is the meaning of true love?
Who are the philosophers of freedom?
Two of these philosophers are Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.  Because in the state of nature human goals cannot be harmonised, these classical thinkers assumed that human freedom must be limited by law.
What Socrates said about freedom?
Part of Socrates’ freedom consists in his freedom from want, precisely because he has mastered himself. As opposed to Plato’s Socrates, Xenophon’s Socrates is not poor, not because he has much, but because he needs little.
How does Aristotle define moral responsibility?
“moral responsibility” —“moral” to indicate its connection to the virtues of. character (courage, temperance, generosity, justice) — and “responsibility” to. indicate the causal relation Aristotle posits between agents and their voluntary. actions.
Who said that freedom and obligation are two indispensable conditions for morality to occur?
philosopher Thomas Hobbes
The English philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) argued that the only condition necessary for free will and moral responsibility is that there be a connection between one’s choices and one’s actions.
Who said that we must control power and use freedom power responsibly?
“With great power comes great responsibility.” I’m guessing 4 out of 5 people would attribute this quote to Ben Parker, uncle of Peter Parker, from the Spider-Man movies and comic books.
What do philosophers do?
In a modern sense, a philosopher is an intellectual who contributes to one or more branches of philosophy, such as aesthetics, ethics, epistemology, philosophy of science, logic, metaphysics, social theory, philosophy of religion, and political philosophy.
Is free will real?
Neuroscientists identified a specific aspect of the notion of freedom (the conscious control of the start of the action) and researched it: the experimental results seemed to indicate that there is no such conscious control, hence the conclusion that free will does not exist.
Is free will an illusion?
Three different models explain the causal mechanism of free will and the flow of information between unconscious neural activity and conscious thought (GES = genes, environment, stochasticism). In A, the intuitive model, there is no causal component for will.
Did Nietzsche believe in free will?
The 19th-century philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is known as a critic of Judeo-Christian morality and religions in general. One of the arguments he raised against the truthfulness of these doctrines is that they are based upon the concept of free will, which, in his opinion, does not exist.
Do Christians believe in free will?
Theologians of the Roman Catholic Church universally embrace the idea of free will, but generally do not view free will as existing apart from or in contradiction to grace. According to the Roman Catholic Church “To God, all moments of time are present in their immediacy.
What did Skinner think about the concept of free will?
B. F. Skinner was an American psychologist best-known for his influence on behaviorism. Skinner referred to his own philosophy as ‘radical behaviorism’ and suggested that the concept of free will was simply an illusion. All human action, he instead believed, was the direct result of conditioning.
What is the Skinner theory?
Skinner) The theory of B.F. Skinner is based upon the idea that learning is a function of change in overt behavior. Changes in behavior are the result of an individual’s response to events (stimuli) that occur in the environment.
Do behaviorists believe free will?
Behaviorists do not believe in free will. Free will asserts that a person is able to choose his or her own courses of action without restriction….