Why did Nietzsche call Spinoza his ‘precursor’?


What did Nietzsche say about Spinoza?

By degrading Spinoza to a fainting theoretician of power preservation, Nietzsche wishes to gloss over Spinoza’s dangerous proximity to his own “will to power,” a concept he claims as his own original philosophical creation…Under no circumstances does he want to be mistaken for Spinoza.” (Urs Sommer 2012: 173).

Did Nietzsche read Spinoza?

Late in life he read Spinoza, whom he called his “precursor”, in particular for his criticisms of free will, teleology and his thoughts on the role of affects, joy and sadness.

Who is the God of Spinoza?

Spinoza believed that God is “the sum of the natural and physical laws of the universe and certainly not an individual entity or creator”.

Why does it follow from Spinoza’s position that God Cannot feel love joy or sorrow?

Why does it follow from Spinoza’s position that God cannot feel love, joy, or sorrow? Since God does not have personal characteristics, “he who loves God cannot strive that God should love him in return”.

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Did Nietzsche read Kant?

Hence, Nietzsche had already learned of Kant before discovering Schopenhauer in 1865.

What Nietzsche did and did not read?

Although Nietzsche thought of himself as a philosopher from the early 1870s on, he rarely read any of the technical literature of philosophy. His knowledge of philosophical classics – apart from Plato – came mainly from compendia on the history of philosophy.

What did Tolstoy say about Nietzsche?

Tolstoy preaches the suppres- sion of all instincts, the rejection of all the demands of the animal in man; for Nietzsche “everything good is instinct,” while “to have to contend with instincts” is for him the sign of decadence. Tolstoy finds the only way of happiness in the.

How does Spinoza define love?

Spinoza’s concept of love. Spinoza defines love in 3p13s: ‘love is nothing but joy with the accompanying idea of an external cause‘. Love is an affect; affects are changes in the power of the body and mind. Joy is an increase of power to act, sadness a decrease in power.

What is Spinoza’s conatus?

Spinoza’s ‘conatus’ is a signal concept of his thought and one which appears as an axiom of modern treatments, particularly those of a political nature. Famously, the conatus doctrine provides: Each thing insofar as it is in itself, endeavours to persevere in its being.

What did Spinoza say about God and nature?

Spinoza’s metaphysics of God is neatly summed up in a phrase that occurs in the Latin (but not the original Dutch) edition of the Ethics: “God, or Nature”, Deus, sive Natura: “That eternal and infinite being we call God, or Nature, acts from the same necessity from which he exists” (Part IV, Preface).

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What was Spinoza’s philosophy?

Spinoza believed in a “Philosophy of tolerance and benevolence” and actually lived the life which he preached. He was criticized and ridiculed during his life and afterwards for his alleged atheism. However, even those who were against him “had to admit he lived a saintly life”.

Who Wrote the Bible?

That single author was believed to be Moses, the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites out of captivity in Egypt and guided them across the Red Sea toward the Promised Land.

Why is 40 significant in the Bible?

The Hebrew people lived in the lands outside of the promised land for “forty years”. This period of years represents the time it takes for a new generation to arise (Numbers 32:13). Several early Hebrew leaders and kings are said to have ruled for “forty years”, that is, a generation.

Who wrote the Torah?

The Talmud holds that the Torah was written by Moses, with the exception of the last eight verses of Deuteronomy, describing his death and burial, being written by Joshua. Alternatively, Rashi quotes from the Talmud that, “God spoke them, and Moses wrote them with tears”.