Why is a material condition true if its antecedent is false?

, is called the consequent. A conditional is considered true when the antecedent and consequent are both true or if the antecedent is false. When the antecedent is false, the truth value of the consequent does not matter; the conditional will always be true.

Is true in all cases except when the antecedent is true and the consequent is false?

The “⊃” symbol is called the “horseshoe” and it represents what is called the “material conditional.” A material conditional is defined as being true in every case except when the antecedent is true and the consequent is false.

Why is an implication true if the premise is false?

We could say that a false premise implies that the implication is true exactly when the conclusion is true, but that would be odd because then the premise doesn’t do anything. We could say that a false premise implies the implication is true exactly when the conclusion is false, but eww.

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What makes a conditional statement true?

A conditional statement is a statement that can be written in the form “If P then Q,” where P and Q are sentences. For this conditional statement, P is called the hypothesis and Q is called the conclusion. Intuitively, “If P then Q” means that Q must be true whenever P is true.

When can we say that a conditional statement are always true?

Though it is clear that a conditional statement is false only when the hypothesis is true and the conclusion is false, it is not clear why when the hypothesis is false, the conditional statement is always true. To try to explain why this is this case, we consider another example. Example 1.3.

Under what condition or conditions is an implication be false?

An implication is the compound statement of the form “if p, then q.” It is denoted p⇒q, which is read as “p implies q.” It is false only when p is true and q is false, and is true in all other situations.

Can false premises lead to a true conclusion?

False premises can lead to either a true or a false conclusion even in a valid argument. In these examples, luck rather than logic led to the true conclusion.

Why is a conditional statement true if the hypothesis is false?

Hypotheses followed by a conclusion is called an If-then statement or a conditional statement. This is read – if p then q. A conditional statement is false if hypothesis is true and the conclusion is false. The example above would be false if it said “if you get good grades then you will not get into a good college”.

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What is a true/false statement?

A true-false statement is any sentence that is either true or false but not both. A negation of a statement has the opposite meaning of a truth value. A negations is written as ~p. If we call the statement: cucumbers are green, p then: p: cucumbers are green – this statement is true.

What is the antecedent of this conditional statement?

For propositions P and Q, the conditional sentence P⟹Q P ⟹ Q is the proposition “If P, then Q. ” The proposition P is called the antecedent, Q the consequent. The conditional sentence P⟹Q P ⟹ Q is true if and only if P is false or Q is true.

When the antecedent is true and the component is false?

A conditional asserts that if its antecedent is true, its consequent is also true; any conditional with a true antecedent and a false consequent must be false. For any other combination of true and false antecedents and consequents, the conditional statement is true.

What makes a conditional false is a false antecedent and a false consequent?

If one component statement in a conjunction is false, the conjunction is false. The statement is TRUE because a conjunction is true only when both component statements are true. A conditional statement is false only when the consequent is true and the antecedent is false.

What is a conditional statement that is false but has a true inverse?

Negating both the hypothesis and conclusion of a conditional statement. For example, the inverse of “If it is raining then the grass is wet” is “If it is not raining then the grass is not wet”. Note: As in the example, a proposition may be true but its inverse may be false.

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When p is false and q is true then p or q is true?

A second style of proof is begins by assuming that “if P, then Q” is false and derives a contradiction from that. In the truth tables above, there is only one case where “if P, then Q” is false: namely, P is true and Q is false.
IF…., THEN….

P Q If P, then Q
F T T
F F T

Are inverse statements always true?

If the statement is true, then the contrapositive is also logically true. If the converse is true, then the inverse is also logically true. If two angles are congruent, then they have the same measure.
Converse, Inverse, Contrapositive.

Statement If p , then q .
Inverse If not p , then not q .
Contrapositive If not q , then not p .