Why is the ‘problem of evil’ considered so difficult?

What is the problem of evil and why is it important?

The problem of evil refers to the question of how to reconcile the existence of evil with an omnibenevolent, omniscient and omnipotent God (see theism). An argument from evil attempts to show that the co-existence of evil and such a God is unlikely or impossible.

What is the problem about evil?

The problem of evil refers to the challenge of reconciling belief in an omnipotent, omnibenevolent, and omniscient God, with the existence of evil and suffering in the world.

What is the argument for the problem of evil?

The argument from evil focuses upon the fact that the world appears to contain states of affairs that are bad, or undesirable, or that should have been prevented by any being that could have done so, and it asks how the existence of such states of affairs is to be squared with the existence of God.

What is the problem of evil and the existence of God?

The logical problem of evil claims that God’s omnipotence, omniscience and supreme goodness would completely rule out the possibility of evil and that the existence of evil would do the same for the existence of a supreme being.

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What does evil mean in the problem of evil?

In this argument and in the problem of evil itself, evil is understood to encompass both moral evil (caused by free human actions) and natural evil (caused by natural phenomena such as disease, earthquakes, and floods).

What are the responses to the problem of evil?

Religious responses to the problem of evil are concerned with reconciling the existence of evil and suffering with an omnipotent, omnibenevolent, and omniscient God. The problem of evil is acute for monotheistic religions such as Christianity, Islam, and Judaism whose religion is based on such a God.

How do theists respond to the problem of evil?

Theists will agree with the first two claims but call into question the third by qualifying it: “A good being will always eliminate all the evil that it can unless it has good reason to allow that evil.” The crux of the theistic response is to show that indeed God is indeed justified in permitting evil.

What is the problem of evil and suffering in religious studies?

This suggests that, because evil and suffering clearly exist in the world, either God does not exist or he cannot be omnibenevolent, omnipotent and omniscient. Some religious people find that when they experience evil and suffering, it can present a challenge to their faith. They may reject religion as a result.

Why God is most assuredly evil?

Abstract. The evil God challenge argues that for every theodicy that justifies the existence of an omnibenevolent God in the face of evil, there is a mirror theodicy that can defend the existence of an omnimalevolent God in the face of good.

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What are some evil gods?

Death and Destruction: 5 Evil Gods of the Underworld

  • Whiro: Evil God of Māori Mythology. Rangi and Papa, 2017, via Arts Elemental. …
  • Lilith: Female Demon of Jewish Folklore. …
  • Loviatar: Finnish Goddess of Death, Pain, and Disease. …
  • Apophis: Evil God of Chaos in Ancient Egypt. …
  • Lamashtu: Worst of The Mesopotamian Evil Gods.

What are the three Theodicies?

Thomas Aquinas, the 13th-century Dominican theologian, and in the Theodicy (1710), by the German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. According to Leibniz, there are three forms of evil in the world: moral, physical, and metaphysical.